A linear accelerator is used to deliver high-energy,external beam radiation therapy (EBRT)to a specific part of the body.
EBRT radiation treatment causes changes in the cells, especially those that are out-of-control and dividing rapidly, which is often the case with cancer cells.
When administered, radiation causes damage to the affected cells, which in turn either destroys the cells or prevents them from growing and dividing.
Through precise targeting, surrounding healthy tissue is minimally affected by the radiation as healthy cells do not divide at the same rate as cancerous cells. If healthy cells are impacted they are able to repair themselves at a much quicker rate than cancerous cells.